Photo by Kei Sasaki (Betta House) 
Keeping Betta taeniata from an Aquarist View
Betta taeniata can be housed in pairs, species tanks, and community tanks. Pairs can be housed in a 10 gallon tank, groups should be housed in a 20 gallon tank or larger. Pairs should be given cover such as caves and plants. In a pair or species situation it is possible that fry could be discovered in the tanks. For best results remove a brooding male.
Not critical, taeniata is very tolerant of water chemistry and thrives in almost any type of water as long as it is clean and well filtered. They should be kept at cool to mid 70s F.
Males have a broader head then females and a much darker stripe on the anal fin. Females may not have a stripe or faint stripe on the anal fin. Females ovaries might be visible via spotlighting.
Taeniata is a paternal mouthbrooder and the male incubates from 9 to 12 days with 10 days being very consistent. Incubation time can vary with water temperature. Females normally initiate spawning.
|Similar Species||Similar species would be picta complex members picta, falx and simplex.|
|Identification||Taeniata is larger and its stripes are more predominant.|
Articles on Betta taeniata
Articles on related species
Betta picta: Not Very Beautiful, But Interesting Nonetheless– Gerald Griffin, 1988 Republish from Flare Magazine
Betta picta (Sumatra) Yohan Fernando
Betta picta – Carolyn Hanlon, 2007
Care and Breeding of Betta falx Gerald Griffin 2003, Republish from Flare Magazine
I’ve Got a New Mouthbrooding Betta – Now What? Michael Hellweg. 2003.
Working with wild Bettas Gerald Griffin. Flare! 2006
|Original Citation||Regan, C. T. 1910. |
|References||Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1985.  Grabda, E. and T. Heese, 1991.  International Betta Congress 1986.  Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993.  Khoa, T.T. and T.T.T. Huong, 1993.  Liebetrau, Sue. 1975.  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991.  Vierke, Jorg. June 1985.  Vierke, Jorg. July 1989. |
|Type Locality||Senah R., Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia.|
BMNH 18126.96.36.199-150 (4)
|Known Occurrences:||Indonesia: Bataker-Hochland, Sumatra
Indonesia: Kalimantan: Pontianak (0 7.0 N 109 30.0 E)
Indonesia: Kapuas, Borneo
Malaysia: Mawai District, Johore
Malaysia: South Tersat
Malaysia: Tingai, Jahore
Singapore: Botanic Garden
Singapore: Mandai Road
Thailand: Canal 25 miles East of Bangkok, Thailand
Thailand: Nakon Sritamarat, Peninsular Siam
Viet Nam: Dong Nai
|Miscellaneous Information||Max Size:||8.0 cm TL|
|pH range:||6.5 – 7.8;|
|dH range:||5.0 – 18.0|
|Temperature range:||23 – 26°C|
|General notes on water chemistry:||Water conductivity ranged from 20 microSiemens EC (~31 ppm TDS) in flooded swamp forest habitat to 180 microSiemens EC (~277 ppm TDS) in the author’s aquarium. Temperature of the light brown water in B. taeniata’s habitat was recorded at 82.4 deg. F. at 1 o’clock in the afternoon. The author kept his aquarium at close to the same temperature. 
This species is found in clear moving water as well as in dirty drainage ditches. These waters exhibit a yellow, sandy substrate with red particles which are thought to be iron. 
|Reproduction:||Shortly before spawning, the male can be seen actively courting the female. Very similar to B. pugnax in breeding characteristics. The male’s breeding coloration is overall brown with all scales exhibiting green iridescent highlights. The anal fin may be colored with a reddish tinge bordered by a darker color. A strange twitching of the head and front part of body of the male may be witnessed and is a normal aspect of the spawning ritual. The first embraces are attempted by the female but are usually unsuccessful until the male decides he is ready. The female takes up the eggs and spits them at the male. If his reaction is too slow, she quickly grabs the egg and tries again.. This “game” goes on for several hours. Eventually, the male ends up with all the eggs and thus starts the mouthbrooding phase, his lower jaw being clearly extended from the mouthful of eggs. Eggs are opaque white in color and number from 200-300. The female stands guard the whole time the male is mouthbrooding the eggs. At the time of writing this article, the author was unsuccessful in raising any fry. 
Coloration of males and females is the same except during mating when the female takes on the fear pattern and the male really shows his display colors. B. taeniata spawns on the bottom and if the aquarist isn’t watching, it can be missed with the only telltale sign being the pronounced bulge below the male’s mouth, indicating his mouthful of incubating eggs. Most of the time, however, the act of spawning can last for several hours. As soon as the male’s mouth is full, he stops accepting eggs from the female, who continues to spit eggs at him for a time. She eventually realizes the futility and swallows the rest. The spawning embraces continue until the female’s supply of eggs is exhausted. At this time, the male retreats to a protected corner of the aquarium at the water’s surface. The female then takes on the roll of defender, guarding the brooding male since he has no way of biting with his mouthful of brooding eggs. She is lightning fast with her surprise attack at chasing away other Bettas and is always on the move looking for possible intruders. Success in spawning depends largely on the male, who, at the slightest disturbance, either swallows the eggs or spits them out, never to pick them up again. It is then up to the aquarist to raise them artificially. The male normally carries the brood for 9-12 days, after which he releases them. At this point, the fry are between 1/8 to 1/4 inch long and can be fed baby brine shrimp or the smallest cyclops without difficulty. From the beginning, the fry start leading the secretive lives of their parents. Betta taeniata is a smaller mouthbrooder that is easy to raise and reportedly attains a maximum length of only 3.25 inches. 
Differentiation from similar species:
|Eyes are smaller than those of B. anabatoides, with curved forehead outline and different color patterns. Lacks iridescent blue scales on gill cover area found in B. pugnax males. Both B. taeniata and B. pugnax exhibit dark stripes that traverse the length of the body. In B. taeniata, however, the lower stripe intersects the mid stripe at the center of the body as opposed to B. pugnax, where the two stripes intersect at the base of the tail. B. taeniata eggs measure 1.6-1.7 mm, smaller than those of B. pugnax (1.8-2.0mm), but larger than eggs of B. picta (1.5mm). |
|General notes:||Betta taeniata is reported to be long-lived in the aquarium, won’t tear up your prized plants and are comparatively peaceful towards other tankmates. They are excellent jumpers and a carefully covered tank is a requirement in keeping this species. A variety of dry and live foods are accepted and small earthworms are relished. 
Betta taeniata is very timid in captivity and needs plenty of plants and rocks to hide in and behind. Known to be less shy when placed with other species . This timidity disappears at feeding time, however, and favorite foods include mosquito larvae, tubifex, and small earthworms. While the males are larger, the female has the bigger appetite, eating till quite round, storing nutrients for future egg production. This species can change its markings very quickly, ranging from an overall brown at rest to dark spots on the head, back, and rear of the fish, followed by horizontal dark stripes the length of the body, to vertical dark stripes, depending on the degree of danger it perceives at the time. 
|Betta sp. aff. taeniata: |
|Locality:||Kapuas river basin. |
|Water quality:||pH5.6/GH0-1/KH0-1/TDS 0/ lightbrown water. |
|Water temperature:||27.7°C |
Betta sp. aff. taeniata was collected between Sekadau and Sintang. It was found in the river where the current was strong. Location: 00 ’00’ 17 S 110 ’59’ 05 E Altitude: 44 m. 
|General Notes:||“Betta taeniata is from Sumatra and Borneo, larger than [B.] splendens but smaller than of [B.] brederi [B. pugnax]. It is supposed to be a mouthbrooder. The dorsal fin is closer to the head than the tail according to Sterba.” |
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